Davos Conference on Climate Change and Tourism Tough Challenges and Major Opportunities
The increasingly important travel and tourism sector - totalling 846 million international arrivals and some 4 billion domestic trips in 2006- is both a contributor to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and at the same time highly vulnerable to the effects of climate change, according to a new report to be released later this year by UNWTO, UNEP and the WMO.
An Advance Summary of the Report entitled “Climate Change and Tourism: Responding to Global Challenges", attempts to quantify the links between tourism and climate change. Among the key conclusions of this study are:
- Carbon dioxide emissions from the sector's transport, accommodation and other tourism activities are estimated to account for between 4 and 6% of total emissions.
- If no mitigation measures are taken, tourism contribution to CO2 emissions could grow by 150% in the next 30 years, based on UNWTO tourism market forecasts.
- Impacts of climate change on the tourism sector will steadily intensify, particularly under higher global GHG emission scenarios.
- Changing climate patterns might alter major tourism flows where climate is of paramount importance, such as Northern Europe, the Mediterranean and the Caribbean.
- Coastal, mountain and nature-based destinations in least developed countries and small island developing states might be particularly affected.
The tourism sector needs to strategically focus on both, adaptation measures in affected tourism destinations in order to safeguard economic returns and jobs, and mitigation measures of specific forms of tourism in order to achieve substantial emission reductions. New technology and financial mechanisms will also be pivotal.
UNWTO Secretary-General Francesco Frangialli says that “Climate change is real, its effects are proven and the Tourism sector has to play its part in contributing to the solution of the challenges it poses. Within our commitment to the Millennium Development Goals and as the lead Tourism organization in the UN family, we want to ensure the coherence between action on poverty reduction and climate change. Tourism is an important player in both, as it represents the main economic driving force for several developing states."
According to UN Under-Secretary General and UNEP Executive Director Achim Steiner, “The tourism industry is both challenged by climate change and a contributor to greenhouse gas emissions as reflected in the latest UNWTO report. Last week at the United Nations in New York, world leader after world leader pledged political will at the highest level to realize a post 2012 emissions reduction agreement. Meanwhile many corporations pledged emission reduction cuts of up to 50 per cent by 2020. Others have plans in place to go further, even to carbon neutrality. This is the kind of leadership and innovation needed across all sectors including the tourism industry-leadership that supports governments and may help ensure that the wonderful and extraordinary travel destinations that sustain the industry today will be there for us to enjoy tomorrow."
What is clear is that travel to and from the poorest countries that rely on tourism as their primary export is only a small proportion of total trips. UNWTO stresses that one of its primary goals is to ensure that the necessary solutions to this global challenge are coherent with the equally important global fight against poverty, where tourism is such an important contributor.
The report includes a synthesis of current and future likely impacts of climate change on tourism destinations around the world, possible implications for tourist demand, current levels and trends in greenhouse gas emissions from the tourism sector, and an overview of policy and business management responses to climate change.
The results of the Conference will be considered at a UNWTO Ministerial Summit in London on 13 November, with the support of the World Travel Market and the UK Government, and factored as appropriate into the overall UN Strategy for Climate Change Response to be discussed in Bali later in December.
Note to editors: The Advanced Summary of “Climate Change and Tourism: Responding to Global Challenges" is available UNDER EMBARGO ONLY. Embargo expires Monday 1 October 15:00 CET.
For further information please contact: UNWTO Geoffrey Lipman, UNWTO Assistant Secretary-General, Spokesperson Marcelo Risi, Media Officer T: +34 91-567-8194 / +34 91-567-8100 / F: +34 91-567-8218 firstname.lastname@example.org - www.unwto.org UNEP Robert Bisset, Press Officer T: +33 1 4437 7613 email@example.com